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Andalus

In the Name of Allâh, the Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful

In 711 Muslim forces invaded and in seven years conquered the Iberian peninsula. It became one of the great Muslim civilisations; reaching its summit with the Umayyad caliphate of Cordovain in the tenth century. Muslim rule declined after that and ended in 1492 when Granada was conquered. The heartland of Muslim rule was Southern Spain or Andulusia.



A Tribute to Andalus




The Lost Kingdom of Al-Andalus



The much awaited audio narration of glorious history of Islam in modern day Spain and Portugal is due to be released in October insha'Allah. Like all our previous productions, this epic tale has been professionally scripted and narrated. "In the forgotten realms of Europe, during its darkest hour, a light arose. As time went on, this light shone brighter than ever, attracting, mesmerizing and inspiring all those who encountered it. However it was taken for granted until it began to fade, until after 8 centuries it was no more. This luminosity was Al-Andalus, a land of the Muslims which sparkled and shimmered is a way the Europe had never perceived before and perhaps will never experience ever again.




The Rise & Fall Of Andalus



By Tawfique Chowdhury. Early in the eighth century, armies from North Africa began probing the Visigothic defenses of Spain and ultimately they initiated the Moorish epoch that would last for centuries. The people who became known to West Europeans as Moors were the Arabs, who had swept across North Africa from their Middle Eastern homeland, and the Berbers, inhabitants of Morocco who had been conquered by the Arabs and converted to Islam. Muslims took control of Spain under the great leader Tariq-Bin-Ziyaad whose rule helped advance many fields including science and medicine. Roads were built with working sewer systems and the most beautiful of gardens were built. This lecture goes through the rise of Andalus, followed by the downfall of Andlaus which was a result of many different personalities.




The Fall Of Spain



The fall of spain, formerly known as Andalus. Sheikh Sa'eed Ali illustrates the stricking similarity between the condition that existed some 5 hundred years ago which led to the fast decline of Islam in Spain and the condition that exists now in all islamic countries. Allah alerts us to the importance of studying history and find out what happened to the people of the past. Allah said: "Have they not travelled through the earth and seen what was the end of those who were before them? And verily, the home of the Hereafter is the best for those who fear Allah and obey Him (by abstaining from sins and evil deeds, and by performing righteous good deeds). Do you not then understand?" [12:109]




An Incomplete History: Muslims in Andalus



By Abi Hashim Al Muhajir. The Incomplete History: Muslims in Andalus after 1492 in a Global Perspective & its Relevance to Muslims today. A new book has been released called An Incomplete History: The Muslims of Spain Post 1492 In A Global Context And Its Relevance to Muslims Today. The brother who wrote this book has done extensive research and has spent a great deal of time understanding Andalus post 1492 CE. His insights into the similarity of the situation of the Muslims then and now are fascinating. Please ask others to put this book up on their sites. This will help all of us put the current situation in context.




The Moors: The Islamic West



By David Nicolle (Author), Angus McBride (Illustrator) Men at Arms Series. "NORTH AFRICA and the Iberian peninsula were in cultural and economic decline for centuries before the muslims arrived in the early 8th century..."




Islam in Spain



By Alomgir Ali. At its peak, the Islamic Empire stretched as far west as what is now known as Spain. It was once the capital of the caliphate. Jews and Christians lived under Muslim rule for over 800 years whilst Islamic influence spread throughout the region. This was a time of enlightenment in the Muslim world concurrent with the dark ages in the rest of Europe. This course is an historical overview of this region, from the rise of Muslim rule to its eventual demise, charting the influence of Islam on the people, culture, education and geography at that time.




Muslim Spain's Legacy



In the year 1000 A.D, Cordoba, Spain (formerly known as Al-Andalus) was the largest city on earth. It contained hundreds of libraries, schools and universities. Scholars from Europe, Africa and the Middle East flocked to this enlightened center of civilization and knowledge. The city streets were lit up for miles in any direction and running water was available in every quarter. What was the real story of this vibrant society?This dynamic lecture presents an overview of the development of Islamic Spain, the legacy that Muslims left for the world and the reasons for their amazing rise and fall in this neglected, yet decisive period of history.




Cities of Light : The Rise and Fall of Islamic Spain



A documentary film co-produced by Unity Productions Foundation and Gardner Films Over a thousand years ago, the sun-washed land of southern Spain was home to Jews, Christians, and Muslims, living together and flourishing. Their culture and beliefs intertwined, and the knowledge of the ancients was gathered and reborn. Here were the very seeds of the Renaissance.




When The Moors Ruled In Europe



This short documentary describes the glorious rule of Muslim Moors in what is now Spain. A forgotten history is remembered. A must see documentary.




BBC Documentary - An Islamic History of Europe


In this 90-minute documentary, now showing in three 30-minute episodes, Rageh Omaar uncovers the hidden story of Europe’s Islamic past and looks back to a golden age when European civilisation was enriched by Islamic learning. Rageh travels across medieval Muslim Europe to reveal the vibrant civilisation that Muslims brought to the West. This evocative film brings to life a time when emirs and caliphs dominated Spain and Sicily and Islamic scholarship swept into the major cities of Europe. His journey reveals the debt owed to Islam for its vital contribution to the European Renaissance.




Ibn Hazm al-Andalusi: "My aspiration in this world..."



مُنَايَ مِنَ الدُّنْيا عُلومٌ أَبُثُّهَا * وأنْشُرُهَا فِي كُلِّ بَادٍ وحَاضِرِ


دُعَاءٌ إلَى القُرْءانِ والسُّنَنِ التِي * تَنَاسَى رِجَالٌ ذِكْرَهَا في المَحَاضِرِ

وأَلْزَمُ أَطْرافَ الثُّغُورِ مُجَاهِداً * إذَا هَيْعَةٌ ثَارَتْ فَأَوَّلُ نَافِرِ

لأَلْقَى حِمَامِي مُقْبِلاً غَيرَ مُدْبِرٍ * بِسُمْرِ العَوالِي والرِّقَاقِ البَواتِرِ

كِفَاحاً مَعَ الكُفَّارِ فِي حَوْمَةِ الوَغَى * وأَكْرَمُ مَوْتٍ لِلْفَتَى قَتْلُ كَافِرِ

فَيَا رَبِّ لا تَجْعَلْ حِمَامِي بِغِيرِهَا * ولا تَجْعَلَنِّي مِنْ قَطِينِ المقَابِر


My aspiration in this world is to put forth knowledge,
And to spread it openly in every town and village;

Being one who is calling to the Qur'an and sunan,
That, in their gatherings, the men have forgotten;

And, as a Mujahid, on the farthest frontlines to stay,
If I am called forth, being the first to make my way;

ًWith the clanking of weapons in the darkness, frequented by silence,
Clashing with the disbelievers, encircled by the violence;

Not turning back, facing my demise with my chest,
To be killed by a disbeliever is the youth's death noblest;

So, O my Lord, allow me not to die in any other way,
And use me not as a stuffing for the graves.


[Ibn Hazm's 'at-Talkhis li Wujuh at-Takhlis'; p. 57]





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