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The Islamic Ruling on Music and Singing

In the Name of Allâh, the Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful

by Abu Bilaal Mustafa al-Kanadi



Chapter 1: Analysis of Quraanic Texts and Commentaries
A. Verses Claimed to Indicate Legality of Music
1. The First Verse
2. The Second Verse
B. Quraanic Verses Alleged to Indicate Prohibition of Music
1. The First Verse
2. The Second Verse
3. The Third Verse

Chapter 2: Critical Analysis of the Hadeeth Literature
A. The Traditions and their Degree of Authenticity
1. The Narration of Al-Bukhaari
2. The Narration of Ibn Maajah
3. The Narrations Ahamd bin Hanbal
4. The Narration of Al-Haakim and Others
5. The Narration of Abu Bakr Ash-Shaafi'ee

Chapter 3: Consensus of the Companions, Taabi'een, Imams and other Fuqahaa
A. The Position of the Companions on this Issue
B. The View of the Taabi'een, Imams and Scholars after Them
1. Imam Abu Haneefah
2. Imam Maalik
3. Imam Ash-Shaafi'ee
4. Imam Ahmad bin Hanbal
C. Those Who Approved of Singing and Its Refutation

Chapter 4: The Wisdom Behind Its Prohibition by the Divively-revealed Shari'ah

Chapter 5: Exceptions to the Rule of Prohibition as Indicated by the Authentic Sunnah
A. Examples of Occasions Specified by the Sunnah
1. Jihaad and Its Adjuncts
2. The Celebration of the two 'Eed Festivals
3. The Wedding Feast
4. The Arrival of a Respected Personality
B. Other Occasions Agreed upon by Scholars
C. Occasions Differed Upon by Scholars: A Critical Analysis and Refutation

Chapter 6: Synopsis of Preceeding Shari'ah Texts along with Conclusions to be Drawn from Them
A. Musical Instruments
B. Singing (Ghinaa)
C. Related Issues Proceeding from the General Rule of Prohibition
1. Dancing
2. Professions Connected with Music and Its Adjuncts
3. The Muslim's Duty Regarding It
4. The Varying Gravity of the Sinfullness of Music and Singing
D. Some Acceptable Alternatives to Prohibited forms of Music and Singing
1. Recitation of and Listening to the Reading of Allah's Book
2. Singing and Listening to Islamic Songs
3. Remembrance of Allah (dhikr)
4. Healthy Physical Sports

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